Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park
Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park is located in East Java, Indonesia, to the east of Malang and to the southeast of Surabaya, the capital of East Java. Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park covers a massive area of 800 square kilometres in the centre of East Java. This is the largest volcanic region in the province. Visit the park and see the spectakular sunrise and to see the plumes of smoke coming from Mt. Semeru, an active volcano which rises 3676 meters above sea level. Experience the remarkable Tengger Caldera, Java’s largest, with its 10 km barren desert-like sea of sand. Within the caldera rise the deeply fissured volcanic cones of Batok and Bromo, the latter is still active with a cavernous crater from which smoke blows skyward. Temperatures at the top of Mount Bromo range about 5 to 18 degrees Celsius. To the south of the park is a rolling upland plateau dissected by valleys and dotted with several small scenic lakes, extending to the foot of Mount Semeru.
The Tengger sandy area has been protected since 1919. This is believed to be the only conservation area in Indonesia, and possibly the world which possesses a unique sand sea at the attitude of about 2000 m above sea level. There are several mountains inside the caldera one of them are Mt BROMO (2,329m asl), Mt Watangan (2,661 m asl). Mt Batok (2,470 m asl), Mt Kursi (2,581 asl), Mt Watangan (2,661 m asl), and Mt Widadaren (2,650 m asl).How To Stay in Bromo
There are any Hotel and homestay located around Mt Bromo. The Bromo Guest House is located at Ngadisari that lies 3 km from the crater rim. Or you can stay at Cemoro Lawang where there are guesthouses situated near the crater, and Several Hotel in Bromo Ngadisari are : Lava View Lodge, Cafe Lava Hostel, Bromo Permai, Cemara Indah Hotel, and Adas Hotel.
To Buy around Bromo
You can buy some souvenir when you visit to Bromo cos there are many souvenir shops around Mount Bromo selling T-shirts, woolen scarves and other goods. There are also street hawkers selling these things at the caldera area.
To Eat in Bromo
Most of the inn (Warung) in this area close after 7.30 pm so be sure to eat early. but if you stay at t
he Hotel you can eat in the restaurant open from 06.00pm then close at 10.00pm.
To Do in Bromo
In the early Morning take in the spectacular view of the sun rising over volcanic peaks. From the view point at Penanjakan you will get picture perfect shots of a spectacular Sunrise. Cross the desert on a pony, climb the steep stairs right up to Mt. Bromo’s crater rim, then watch the spectacularly crater.
Climb Mount Semeru 3.676m asl, the highest peak in Java. This mountain, also known as the Great Mountain, is regarded by Hindus as the most sacred mountain of all. Getting to the peak is a tough three day trek. Mt Semeru is one of the most active volcanoes on Java and regularly explodes.
Kasada Ceremony of Tengger, witness local culture at its best when on the fourteenth day of the month Kasada, usually in the month of august the native people of the area, the Tenggerese, gather at the rim of Mount Bromo’s active crater to present offerings of rice, fruit, vegetables, flowers, live stock and other local produce to the God of the Mountain. The Tenggerese are adherents of a religion which combines elements of Hinduism and Mahayana Buddhism. In this Kasada ceremony the Tenggerese ask for blessing from the supreme God, Sang Hyang Widi Wasa.